Picture: Africa/African News Agency(ANA) – The standoff between public sector workers and the government comes down to fiscal sustainability, and that affects everyone, the writer says.
By Busisiwe Mavuso
In wage disputes, organised labour typically wants to keep the focus on negotiations between workers and their employers. They do not want other stakeholders, like the public or business, to intervene in what is narrowly a wage dispute.
Yet the public sector strike that starts tomorrow affects far more than the employer (government) and its workers. It obviously affects many users of the public services, which will not be available to them. But moreover, the standoff between public sector workers and government really comes down to fiscal sustainability, and that affects everyone.
Business has a dog in this fight. Confidence was severely damaged by the government’s fiscal deterioration over the past decade. The loss of investment grade in early 2020 was a key signal of that decay, and it has hurt the economy. There have been times that we were on a trajectory towards financial collapse, eventually to be left with little choice but to engage with the IMF for a bailout.
The good news is that over the past two years, the government has been able to stabilise that debt trajectory. Some of that has been thanks to luck – a spike in commodity prices improved revenue collections. But the debt consolidation has also been about hard choices on expenditure. That the Treasury has held the line is key to the trust that it has been rebuilding with business and the markets. This allows the state to get cheaper rates for the debt it issues while business has more confidence to invest, knowing that government finances are sustainable. Ultimately that supports economic growth, which in turn allows for greater tax revenue and more social spending.
Fiscal sustainability is, I am sure, a problem of which many in the labour movement are conscious. A collapse into the arms of our creditors would be catastrophic – a national debt default would inevitably mean extreme hardship for civil servants, with late or missed payments and mass redundancies. Yet when labour engages with the government about the public sector wage bill, I never hear its ideas on how that scenario can be avoided or the risks reduced. What ideas is labour bringing to the table to improve the national fiscal outlook?
When unions demand a 10 percent across-the-board increase as they have, in response to the 3 percent offer from the government, what is the plan they have to mitigate the impact on fiscal sustainability? I would be quite open to a realistic and effective plan, one that, perhaps, promises improvements in public sector productivity to stimulate economic activity and ultimately improve tax collection. If such a plan were put on the table as labour’s contribution to ensuring our economic recovery, then I would have much greater sympathy for the 10 percent demand. Yet I’ve not seen any such suggestions from labour.
I have written before about how labour is often missing in action when we engage with social counterparts to find ways to turn around our performance as a country. The Transnet strike was another recent example, with questionable legality and a clear intention to hold the country to ransom. It does not have to be like this – there are good examples from history, like Germany famous for its co-operation between social partners, where wage restraint has over periods played a critical role in its economic success.
Instead we get grossly irresponsible statements from union leaders like the suggestion last week that essential workers would join the strikes. That would be illegal. Our law is clear that the right to strike cannot be at the expense of the lives of citizens which would be at risk if essential medical and security workers went on strike. Union leaders should be absolutely clear that they intend to hold to the law if they want to be seen as constructive counterparts in the effort to restore our country’s growth track.
We will also suffer from tomorrow’s strike, so we all have an interest in it ensuring it has minimal impact. Business is clear that we cannot afford to set back the progress towards fiscal credibility we’ve managed to achieve. If unions want support for their cause, they must bring constructive proposals to the table and be absolutely clear that they will stay within the law during any industrial action. That is the minimum we should be able to expect from all South Africans who are committed to rebuilding our country.
Reports of extortion for financial or political gain are increasing in frequency, reaching more and more sectors – and the economic damage is mounting.
This, however, hasn’t seemed to be enough to spur any official response from law enforcement authorities and political leaders. A clean up is needed of the SAPS and all our other law enforcement agencies. The question is how do we do this?
The government’s response to the Zondo recommendations on the appointment of senior executives or members of the board in SOEs is vague, leaving the process open to manipulation. The government needs to tread carefully.
If it takes a half-hearted approach to the professionalisation of the state, it leaves the door open for a second wave of state capture. Business is heavily invested in the fight against corruption and BLSA is closely studying all aspects of Judge Raymond Zondo’s recommendations and government’s response to them.
Mavuso is the the chief executive officer of Business Leadership South Africa. This is an extract from her newsletter.